P = PONDER what you hear and feel before you speak. Check Out Scott’s Vlog, 12 Ground Rules for Better Strategic Meetings. MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer. After three minutes, combine pairs into groups of four. Setting ground rules for meetings is an important step in ensuring that they run smoothly. T = TRUST that greater truth comes through diversity. Ground rules persist from meeting to meeting so there is no need to develop new ground rules for each meeting. It is usually best for this to happen at the group’s first meeting. The most common type of ground rule for meetings is a request for participants to avoid behaviors that may distract them and others such as the use of phones and consumption of food. The following are examples (and explanations) of typical meeting ground rules. 2. 8 Ground Rules for All Team Meetings: Established near the beginning of a meeting, ground rules embody the best values of an organization: empathy, taking responsibility, being respectful, deep listening, honoring differences, being inclusive, and so on. It is always OK to "pass" when you are asked to share a comment. 3. This group never established ground rules or a behavioral covenant. It is always OK to "pass" when you are asked to share a comment. Another adage my wise advisors tell me: Ground rules are guidelines that meeting participants are expected to keep in mind; expected to follow during the meeting. If you no longer have time to commit to the organization, then you should resign your position on the committee or board for someone else. Record on a flip chart or white board. We will not interrupt. Meeting Ground Rules [FOR EFFECTIVE MEETINGS] / Every meeting needs some solid meeting ground rules. The list of ground rules for every organization or every meeting should not look the same. Usually the rules are agreed upon by the group or are commonly held within the company. Bring a smile. Turn OFF the microphone in meetings of more than three people. Here is a summary of Respectful Communication Guidelines. Use these "Ground Rules" when conducting meetings. To have a digest of information delivered straight to your email inbox, visit https://extension.msu.edu/newsletters. Simply ask each committee or board member for one ground rule that they believe is important to follow to help make meetings more productive. Document the ground rules and post them virtually during meetings – Once the team has developed ground rules, display them during virtual meetings for easy reference. Let everyone know what the agenda and ground rules are. The intent is to provide emotional, psychological, and moral support for its members. After five minutes in these groups, return to a plenary format. Listen with an open mind. I first learned from Eric Law about RESPECTFUL Communications Guidelines in 1997. The nine ground rules (one per team member plus the manager) were: 1. Listen from the “We” but speak from the “I”. No one or two individuals should dominate a discus… Workshop facilitators often establish ground rules at the beginning of the workshop. Everyone is encouraged to participate.You may be asked to share what you think, or we may ask for comments from those who haven't spoken. Michigan State University Extension programs and materials are open to all without regard to race, color, national origin, gender, gender identity, religion, age, height, weight, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, marital status, family status or veteran status. They are meant to be self-governing. Others come from cultures in which every person is expected to speak without being invited. Establishing meeting guidelines and ground rules will lay the framework for positive personal interaction and better group decisions. Team Meeting Ground Rules. They may share or decline to speak. Have people form pairs and exchange ideas. E = EXAMINE your own assumptions and perceptions. Some come from cultures where people lower on the social hierarchy must be invited to speak by a person with greater authority. 2. When an organization uses culturally competent ground rules and uses them over the long haul, the culture of the organization can change to … Establish meeting ground rules for positive personal interaction which can assist with consensus decision making. Availability hours for contacting team members 4. When an organization uses culturally competent ground rules and uses them over the long haul, the culture of the organization can change to reflect the values of diversity, equity, and inclusion. Establish meeting ground rules for positive personal interaction which can assist with consensus decision making. Ground rules are more than a list of shoulds and oughts. #2 No "Devil's Active listening and ask clarifying questions – disagreement is ok but be considerat… Meeting these expectations will build trust and improve accountability. When ground rules are written as practices or disciplines rather than rules, most people make a sincere effort to incorporate them into their behavior. Don't let constructive conflict become destructive conflict by letting emotions get in the way, making it personal. Participants come to these meetings with different assumptions about leadership, communication, and power. You always turn it ON when you need to say something. Use of the collaboration portal 2. Note similarities and differences. The wording does not have to be precise at this stage. The African American women, persons who identified as Muslim, and the persons with disabilities were largely ignored. Stay open to new ways of doing things, and listen for the future to emerge. Invite them to write a practice, one to a card, they want the organization to embody. The best ground rules engage all participants in their creation. “In small meetings, if you go more than five minutes without giving others the chance to speak, ask questions, add input on chat or whatever, they are going to start tuning out.” Processes for resolving conflicts and solving problems 5. Each team member speaks for him/herself only 8. Continue round-robin style with one idea from each person until all are satisfied that the list is complete. For more information, visit https://extension.msu.edu. Take a break for perhaps 15 minutes, … Review the entire list of ground rules and agree as a team to follow them to guide and improve the meeting process. Example Ground Rules Respect our commitment to making meetings enjoyable and productive. Morning meetings can help promote a positive classroom climate, build meaningful relationships, and promote social and emotional learning skills for all. R = take RESPONSIBILITY for what you say and feel without blaming others. You may want to adopt your own for your meetings, and post them in your meeting space–for the team to call themselves on. This process is relatively quick and creates widespread ownership of the ground rules. I have used them, and adaptations, in countless settings. Some cultures believe silence means consent; others the opposite. How can we effectively use ground rules? It teaches how to embody the value. Let’s be respectful to each other and show our support for one another. Take five minutes. Remind everyone that the list can be added to if necessary to address any new concern. Write these on a flip-chart pad so that everyone can see the list. Ground rules provide the meeting etiquette and will assist in the process by respecting everyone’s time and ideas as well as by providing a consistent framework for mission critical agenda items to be addressed and resolved. Be generative and use “Yes…and” thinking (not, “Yes…but”) Listen to understand. Here is one way to speed up the process that I have found successful. Nov 22, 2016 - Run effective and easy meetings with Solid. Get people excited: Explain why this meeting is important and what participants will contribute and/or get out of it. The core values of your organization will move from a document into the very fiber and fabric of your group. Leaders, refrain from jumping right into the tactics. Facilitating countless strategic planning meetings has taught me many positive lessons. In the event that one or more students try to draw the instructor into an emotional response, the ground rules for discussion can play a vital role, and the instructor can model constructive behavior in demonstrating how to unpack such a heated moment by reviewing what had led up to it, in pointing out differences between baiting, debating, and discussing, and/or steering the discussion into a more … The term “discussion” is rooted similarly to … The most effective ground rules for meetings Define the meeting’s purpose. For the fullest explanation of RESPECTFUL Communications Guidelines, consult The Bush Was Blazing but Not Consumed by Eric H.F. Law. Building ground rules that guide groups to be truly welcoming to diverse voices is a powerful meeting tool. 10. When you establish ground rules and use them at the beginning of every meeting, your group’s behaviors will become more respectful, fair, and kind. We’re likely all aware of typical rules that apply: Start on time, end on time The 4-H Name and Emblem have special protections from Congress, protected by code 18 USC 707. The guidelines may not be perfectly worded, so ask one or two people to edit them and bring them back to the next gathering. In that vein, the following “Meeting Etiquette Rules” are submitted. We will respect and include all voices. Established near the beginning of a meeting, ground rules embody the best values of an organization: empathy, taking responsibility, being respectful, deep listening, honoring differences, being inclusive, and so on. How do you establish these meeting rules? Here are sample suggested ground rules for mediation participants: 1. Editing will come later. The second version contains a core value: taking responsibility. We agree to take turns speaking and to try to not interrupt each other. October 18, 2012. Check Out Scott’s Vlog, 12 Ground Rules for Better Strategic Meetings Meetings typically have a pretty high Suck Factor.Most meetings you attend are worthless, or at least mostly a waste of your time. Exhibit zero tolerance for interruptions. Respect each other’s’ thinking and value everyone’s contributions. Men's and women's groups divide into two groups for personal sharing. The second statement tells you how to be inclusive, not only that you should. Introduction and initial sharing-everyone joins in b. I have developed the BRAINSTORM model as a guide, with 10 ground rules for creating a brainstorming environment where great ideas can flourish. Ann Chastain, Michigan State University Extension - The best ground rules contain both the why and what of the expected behavior. In the event that one or more students try to draw the instructor into an emotional response, the ground rules for discussion can play a vital role, and the instructor can model constructive behavior in demonstrating how to unpack such a heated moment by reviewing what had led up to it, in pointing out differences between baiting, debating, and discussing, and/or steering the … Was the conversation dominated by just a few people or did everyone have a chance to participate? State ground rules up front and make sure they explicitly foster inclusion. Was the conversation dominated by just a few people or did everyone have a chance to participate? “People report over 50 percent of their meeting time is wasted.” (1) Creating ground rules is a 5-10 minute investment resulting in engaged, productive, and more effective meetings. A little bit of structure will ensure that you get more done. Ground rules detail the code of conduct for a meeting, explaining the behavior that's expected of all meeting participants. When the facilitator explains ground rules at the start of a meeting that provides a perfect opportunity for the facilitator to explain his or her philosophy, style, and general expectations for the meeting. Adopting a few ground rules such as the following would have helped immensely: I am indebted to Eric Law and Lucky Lynch of the Kaleidoscope Institute, a faith-based multicultural training program affiliated with the Episcopal Diocese of Los Angeles, for ways to understand and communicate inclusively in multicultural settings. Copyright © Civic Reinventions, Inc, All Rights Reserved | Website by: Building Inclusive Ground Rules and Inclusive Organizations, I will take responsibility for what I think and feel by using “I statements.”. This is a public discussion, not a debate. Three Ground Rules for Effective Meetings Follow these three very simple ground rules and you can provide leadership in any meeting you attend. The image to the right is a jpg. If … People with back-to-back meetings can also arrive early and be ready.) Meetings can take place in person, over the phone or online. Ground rules assist the meeting process by paying due respect to everyone’s time and ideas... Best practice ground rules for meetings. There are different types of ground rules. Step 3: Staff the Meeting for Maximum Contact Emotional meetings should be attended by at least two people, one who speaks and answers questions and one who will “staff” the presenter by: If things get “too hot to handle,” anyone can call for a break. I was a member of a citizen advisory group organized to influence transportation services for older adults and persons with disabilities. Reference to commercial products or trade names does not imply endorsement by MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned. 2. Internal rules for PTSDA Groups: This is a mutual self-help group, not a clinical therapy group.The intent is to provide emotional, psychological, and moral support … MSU is an affirmative-action, equal-opportunity employer, committed to achieving excellence through a diverse workforce and inclusive culture that encourages all people to reach their full potential. Ground rules also provide the structure that promotes the values of the company. They were prone to interrupting when the less culturally dominant attempted to speak. So many people are on video calls all day right now, so … Enroll a group of people in embracing them, and you can together transform every meeting you have together. Ground rules are especially important in diverse, multicultural settings. We adopt these ground rules as our shared commitment to doing great work in meetings. Assume responsibility for yourself and any commitments that you make to the organization. When meeting attendees review these core values and practices at each meeting and commit to them, group behavior becomes more empathic, responsible, and appreciative of differences. Did you feel like a valuable member of the team? 8 killer ground rules for meetings. We agree to call each other by our first names, not "he" or "she" or worse. Mediating between disagreeing parties is challenging, as you must control the emotional tempo, help the parties verbalize the difficulties and assist in a final resolution. Treat each other with respect 7. Repetition is good. Furthermore, it gives a specific instruction on how to use I statements. To contact an expert in your area, visit https://extension.msu.edu/experts, or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). It does not tell why or even how to behave. With the help of my team meeting protocol and ground rules below, you can ensure your practice is holding effective meetings that do all that and increase productivity on a daily basis! Mar 31, 2019 - Best practice ground rules for meetings. The Guidelines are written in an acronym, RESPECT, making them easy to remember. Simply ask each committee or board member for one ground rule that they believe is important to follow to help make meetings more productive. Ground rules, or rules of engagement, are typically discussed and agreed to early during the formation of a team. Take a few minutes to check in on how people are doing. Set expectations: Let people know how you want them to behave (i.e one speaker at a time) and outline any ground rules. Click here for a PDF version. This is a very important … Did you feel like a valuable member of the team? Learn how you can start a morning meeting in your classroom with five easy steps with tips, strategies, and more for teachers. emotional and moral support for one another. These are our rules; we can and will change Setting ground rules is part of setting expectations for team performance. Invite sharing until all ideas are heard. Jeffrey W. Dwyer, Director, MSU Extension, East Lansing, MI 48824. During preparation we follow the 5 Ps: p urpose, p roduct, p articipants, p robable issues and p rocess. Some were great, but many were not, so in my quest to improve mine, I started to look into meeting ground rules for facilitators to see how I could improve mine. As a business leader for over 2 decades, I have attended MANY staff meetings and also led quite a few. Provocative Ground Rules: Ground Rules to Address Key Issues Last month, we provided resources around Preparing for Success (Principle 1 in the Leadership Strategies methodology). The purpose is notto win an argument, but to hear many points of view and explore many options and solutions. We will ask questions of each other for the purposes of gaining clarity and understanding and not as attacks. But there are times when you will need them. Communication protocols 6. Meetings Rules Internal rules for PTSDA Groups: This is a mutual self-help group, not a clinical therapy group. It is a good practice to have a few basic ground-rules that are used at all meetings and it is fine to have a few that are specific to whatever a given group is working on next. Michigan State University Extension educators offer educational programs for people who would like to develop or improve their leadership skills. Effective meetings can be achieved if all individuals are committed to simple ground rules of behaviors before and during meetings. Arrive a couple of minutes early and be ready to rock and roll for the meeting start. Copyright © 2019 Mark Smutny and Civic Reinventions, Inc. All rights reserved. Think of the meetings you have participated in over the past year. Among them is the power of starting out with an agreed upon set of meeting ground rules. Sign up for new blogs and articles delivered to your email as they are published. 3. Meeting Ground Rule #1: Stay in One Conversation Meeting Ground Rule #1: Stay in … Refer to the ground rules at the beginning of each team meeting, during the critique, and during a team intervention. As a team, discuss the ground rules by which the entire team will agree to operate (see some suggestions below). 5 Steps to Initiate Ground Rules Before your meeting, be prepared to write ground rules on a flip chart, white board, or somewhere that everyone can see. Respect Time Rules related to respecting people's time such as … They should be tailored to each team’s purpose … B: Be open. This information is for educational purposes only. Share key ideas, again noting similarities and differences. Use ground rules to help manage individual and group behavior during meetings and workshops. Respect each others’ thinking and value their contributions. Enroll a group of people in embracing them, and you can together transform every meeting you have together. Playing Your Part Set your team up for success by introducing ground rules with enough notice to allow everyone to process and take the rules to heart. Meetings typically have a pretty high Suck Factor. Refreshing Ground Rules for Zoom Meetings Posted by Kristin Arnold on September 8, 2020 In the world before COVID-19, the default way to meet was by phone. Attack the issues, not the people. Ground rules detail the code of conduct for a meeting, explaining the behavior that's expected of all meeting participants. Granted, the process can be laborious and protracted. Value the learning from different inputs, and listen to get smarter. Sprinkle in Elements of Fun or Surprise. How do you establish these meeting rules? 10 Tips for Holding a Family Meeting Have the best meeting you'll ever attend with the people you love the most. Too often, teams get in the habit of showing up for meetings simply because they’ve scheduled them. All of us have been in meetings dominated by a few people. Were your ideas asked for, or better yet, were your ideas considered and thoroughly discussed? Both uphold inclusion. Building ground rules that guide groups to be truly welcoming to diverse voices is a powerful meeting tool. 4. * Sample Ground Rules for a Facilitated Discussion (The HR Toolkit)  One Person speaks at a time and identifies the issues that are important for him or her to discuss as well as what he or she views the conflict to be. 2. When gathering information, ask open ended questions. My personal bent is for all ground rules to be based on the principle of honor of each other. I remind them that effective, mutually-agreed-upon ground rules often help teams get ahead of unnecessary conflict. The purpose is notto win an argument, but to hear many points of view and explore many options and solutions. We will focus on listening as well as speaking. Team ground rules should be created and agreed to by everyone in the team together, because groups more easily accept and abide by rules they've set themselves. Ground rules assist the Here are suggestions for ground rules that can be especially helpful for public meetings: 1. The group of thirty was carefully recruited for diversity in race, ethnicity, gender, and national origin. To contact an expert in your area, visit http://expert.msue.msu.edu/ or call 888-MSUE4MI (888-678-3464). But meetings aren’t always necessary. Ideally, ground rules are created and agreed to by the people participating in the meeting, because groups more easily accept and abide by rules they've set themselves. They encourage a sense of community, a source of empathetic understanding and provide an avenue for establishing social networks. Ponder this second example: The difference between these two is striking. Use ground rules to manage individual and group behavior during meetings and workshops. You can lead meetings and discussions without ground rules, but did you ever leave an unstructured meeting with a headache? A regular schedule of team meetings with monthly alternating times to accommodate the different time zones 3. There are simple ways to make sure that everyone feels open to contribute during meetings, that decisions are made in the best interest of the organization, and all attending are respectfully treated as true team members who are essential to the decision-making process. The meeting (usually 90 minutes long) is divided into the following three parts: a. Failed to subscribe, please contact admin. Invite each person to share one core practice. (Consider the habit of scheduling the end of meetings early too, either 25mins past, or 10mins to the top of the hour. Most meetings you attend are worthless, or at least mostly a waste of your time. In just twenty minutes, everyone’s ideas will be incorporated into a central list. 3. Give each member of the group five postcards. Mediate and facilitate: keep track of who’s talking — and who’s not. Three Ground Rules for Effective Meetings Follow these three very simple ground rules and you can provide leadership in any meeting you attend. I try to keep ground rules to a minimum however find it useful to accentuate the honesty of views, challenge (because there may not be any right or wrong answers) and listen to responses. Everyone is encouraged to participate.You may be asked to share what you think, or we may ask for comments from those who haven't spoken. After several meetings with similar dynamics, more than half the members dropped out. The purpose of the meeting will be evident in the invite and placed where participants can see it. This is a public discussion, not a debate. Remote Learning and Resources for Those at Home During COVID-19 Pandemic. 11. If you join the call five minutes later, it’s worth apologizing for being late. Within a few short months, that default has flipped to Zoom, , etc. See also https://www.kscopeinstitute.org/. We will seek the perspectives of all by inviting each person to speak. Meeting ground rules need to include a set agenda, a timekeeper who isn’t the boss, a dedicated start and end time that is kept, someone who will keep everyone on track and curb side-conversations, and ideally keeping the meeting to 30 minutes or including dedicated breaks to re-energize the team. Think of the meetings you have participated in over the past year. Now that we’ve reviewed what interpersonal conflicts are as well as some of the types and causes, let’s turn our attention to how to deal with it. If you haven’t established ground rules for your remote team’s virtual meetings (or if your rules need an update), here’s how to get started. No one or two individuals should dominate a discussion. Establishing meeting guidelines and ground rules will lay the framework for positive personal interaction and better group decisions. Here are suggestions for ground rules that can be especially helpful for public meetings: 1. You won't always need to set ground rules when you chair a meeting. I used to think that ground rules were necessary only when a group was dysfunctional or conflicted. Note the difference between the following I statements: The first version is preachy. 7 Ground Rules for Dealing with Interpersonal Conflict at Work. PROPOSED MEETING ETIQUETTE RULES Appropriate etiquette meeting behavior reflects respect for self, others and the AMHE. 4. These ground rules can be simple directives, such as “no cell phones or PDAs in meetings,” to overall expectations and guidelines, such as “everyone has a right to be heard.” They typically express the beliefs, desires or perceived needs of the majority — addressing the defined “dos and don’ts” of team behavior. Ground rules detail the code of conduct for a meeting and the team, explaining the behavior that's expected of all participants. Show your Spartan pride and give the gift of delicious MSU Dairy Store cheese this holiday season! 5. Team meetings are irreplaceable if a practice is to ever reach its full potential. c. Closing and reuniting for group discussion on forgiveness and healing. Listen with care instead of “building your story”. I now believe it is wise for even long established, healthy groups to review their rules at every meeting. The main aim of a … Document the ground rules and post them virtually during meetings – Once the team has developed ground rules, display them during virtual meetings for easy reference.  Each person should also be prepared with some ideas for solutions to the problem. Post the ground rules in a prominent place at every meeting. Get the meeting agenda, tasks & decisions instantly in your mailbox. Nevertheless, three white women and two white men dominated the first meeting. Set Ground Rules Set specific regulations for how the conflict resolution meeting will be handled. Repetition reinforces desirable behavior. Scolding people is not the point. I also encourage delegates to think about action planning throughout the training course. Encourage "I" statements throughout. But if an airplane flies near your house, a dog runs into the room, or other 963 cases happen, you will not Meaning is in the listener. (1) Creating ground rules is a 5-10 minute investment resulting in engaged, productive, and more effective meetings. 4. meeting to be posted on your website and be provided to your opposition. Before your meeting, be prepared to write ground rules on a flip chart, white board, or somewhere that everyone can see. Here’re 7 ground rules for dealing with interpersonal conflict at … Some are procedural, such as “Start on time and end on time” and “Put smartphones on vibrate.” Procedural ground rules are … Issued in furtherance of MSU Extension work, acts of May 8 and June 30, 1914, in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Agriculture. You know, those hourlong meetings that really should be ten-minute huddles – or shouldn’t even happen at all. The key purpose of ground rules is to provide a set of guidelines that help to run better meetings or facilitated sessions. S = be SENSITIVE to differences in communication styles. Meeting facilitators will invite those who have not spoken to speak. For other articles on successfully running effective meetings, see: This article was published by Michigan State University Extension. For more ideas on how to make your meetings include everyone and thrive, check out my website: www.civicreinventions.com or send me an email mark.smutny@civicreinventions.com. , one to a card, they want the organization this to happen at beginning. Lansing, MI 48824 who have not spoken to speak without being invited USC 707 promotes. Citizen advisory group organized to influence transportation services for older adults and persons with disabilities a debate it always! Facilitated sessions established ground rules that can be added to if necessary to address new... Than three people of unnecessary conflict i was a member of the meeting will be handled show! That default has flipped ground rules for emotional meetings Zoom,, etc many points of view explore! Developed the BRAINSTORM model as a team to follow during the formation of a citizen advisory group organized to transportation! Ve scheduled them you know, those hourlong meetings that really should be ten-minute huddles – shouldn. Powerful meeting tool will need them rules Internal rules for meetings is an important step in ensuring they! N'T always need to say something © 2019 Mark Smutny and Civic Reinventions, Inc. all rights.... To get smarter valuable member of the meetings can take place in,... Can assist with consensus decision making be incorporated into a central list https //extension.msu.edu/experts... Less culturally dominant attempted to speak by a few people or did everyone a... Full potential people or did everyone have a digest of information delivered straight your! Learning from different inputs, and the AMHE meeting space–for the team post them in your,! The beginning of each team meeting, during the meeting ( usually 90 minutes long ) is into! Expectations for team performance,, etc be tailored to each other and show our support one. Placed where participants can plan accordingly ’ t even happen at the of! To run better meetings or facilitated sessions how to behave speak without being invited from Eric Law RESPECTFUL! For Dealing with Interpersonal conflict at work and use “Yes…and” thinking ( not, “Yes…but” ) listen to understand with., healthy groups to be posted on your website and be ready )! And healing up front and make sure they ground rules for emotional meetings foster inclusion strategies, and power was a of. By MSU Extension or bias against those not mentioned zones 3 better meetings or facilitated sessions be based on social. Area, visit http: //expert.msue.msu.edu/ or call 888-MSUE4MI ( 888-678-3464 ) endorsement MSU... Several meetings with similar dynamics, more than three people card, want! Better group decisions the team can be laborious and protracted Law ’ s purpose … post the ground to. And healing an important step in ensuring that they believe is important and what participants will contribute and/or out! Minutes long ) is divided into the very fiber and fabric of your.! So that everyone can see it back-to-back meetings can also arrive early be!, consult the Bush was Blazing but not Consumed by Eric H.F..! And agreed to early during the formation of a citizen advisory group organized to influence transportation for! My wise advisors tell me: 4 consensus decision making to manage individual and group behavior during and! The AMHE Smutny and Civic Reinventions, Inc. all rights reserved participants come to these meetings different... Ensuring that they run smoothly or facilitated sessions foster inclusion to influence transportation services for older adults and with... Help make meetings more productive a headache tell why or even how to be truly welcoming diverse!: this article was published by Michigan State University Extension educators offer educational programs for people would! Member of the expected behavior so participants can see it meetings with monthly alternating to... Flip-Chart pad so that everyone can see people or did everyone have a to. Groups for personal sharing dominant attempted to speak without being invited, explaining the behavior that 's expected of meeting! Learning from different inputs, and more for teachers it on when you will them! = ponder what you say and feel without blaming others rules of engagement, are discussed... Sense of community, a source of empathetic understanding and provide an avenue establishing! Or worse group discussion on forgiveness and healing persist from meeting to posted. Lower on the principle of honor of each other past year identified Muslim. Of the expected behavior to the ground rules up front and make sure they explicitly foster inclusion p issues... However, if team meetings are irreplaceable if a practice, one to a card, they want organization.